In Germany animal magnetism developed a strong early following among those influenced by romantic philosophy, so prominent at the end of the eighteenth century. This bibliography has been consciously circumscribed for two reasons.
This gives people the ethical grounds to make decisions to reduce suffering, even if it means violating the law. In the field of hypnotism, this tended to exclude books on stage hypnotism, handbooks of hypnotic practice, pamphlets meant for home study of hypnotism, treatises on personal magnetism, and writings on auto-hypnosis and auto-suggestion.
Particular thanks go to Bill Williams, O. It seems that this new use of animal magnetism did not really come into its own until the early s. Upon awakening from magnetic sleep, the patient would remember nothing that had taken place while asleep.
This spirit activity centered on the daughters of the household, and news of the purportedly paranormal activity of the Fox sisters spread rapidly throughout the United States, reaching England, France, and Germany within a few years. The effect of including only those works that are closely connected with the themes arising from animal magnetism is most easily illustrated by describing the categories of literature that have not been included.
Lectures by Charles Poyen St. Format of the Bibliography This bibliography is intended to include the literature of animal magnetism and those streams of thought that can be identified as flowing directly from it.
Society and religion have the ability to create rules and laws that provide the individual with a code that should influence behavior. Include the following in your essay: It is the source of instinctual impulses and subconscious complexes, and the arena of human paranormal faculties.
In there appeared a hefty treatise of nearly twelve hundred pages compiled by Simon Mialle b.
The successful spread of Spiritualism was to a large extent due to the popularity of a fad that grew out of spiritualistic circles and emigrated to Great Britain and Europe in Many of the books and articles that appeared wove their way back and forth between the two areas, giving the impression that it was impossible to discuss one without dealing with the other.
Within each year, works are listed alphabetically.
Meanwhile Mesmer had become embroiled in a controversy about how his theory and technique were to be taught. A common example of this principle is lying to people about their looks.
These insights into the subconscious carried implications for possible treatment methods for the emotionally disturbed. The results were uneven and inconclusive. The Society was fortunate to have the nearly full-time involvement of a number of highly gifted investigators and within a few years began publishing its Proceedings and a journal.
While this would be considered a violation in deontological ethics, it would accomplish utility by reducing suffering and increasing happiness Beekun During that time there were many among both rich and poor who testified to being cured by animal magnetism, in some cases of long-term chronic illnesses.
In Paris, Mesmer set up two treatment clinics, one for the rich and the other for the poor. Rating low on the list of works to be included were writings that simply summarize the work of others, collections of cases that have been dealt with in previous works, and popularizations intended to simplify and condense more serious treatises.
In the thirty years preceding the foundation of the Society for Psychical Research, there had been a number of notable attempts to investigate the phenomena of Spiritualism scientifically. Publication information is given in English: The result was the publication of a mass of material on psychical research that continued well into the twentieth century.
Similar to virtue ethics, utilitarianism is focused on the outcome of decisions, rather than a predefined code of laws. The spiritual philosophy of Emanuel Swedenborg — had made inroads of its own in late eighteenth-century Germany; magnetic somnambulists began to have Swedenborgian style visions, communicating with the world of spirits in mesmeric ecstasy.
In fact, the rise of interest in hypnotism in France around was strongly associated with its successful use in surgery. It involved the founding of Societies of Harmony—which were to be considered the official organs for teaching animal magnetism, membership in the Society being gained through the subscription of a considerable sum of money.
The second commission was composed of physicians of the Royal Society of Medicine. Mesmer died in Janet had a particular interest in hysteria and the automatisms associated with that condition. It was considered to be a special form of hysteria in which somnambulistic consciousness had taken the form of well-defined, distinct personalities.
Mesmer believed that animal gravitation connected living things to the stars and was the basis for healthy functioning, since it harmonized the body in a fashion comparable to the tuning of a musical instrument.
Business Ethics Quarterly, 13 1Conceived in the broadest possible terms, that literature is vast, far exceeding the scope of this work. Write a -word response describing each court level and its responsibilities.
Then, describe the two main differences you found between the state and federal court systems. criminal justice Write a to word response. Write a to word essay comparing the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics.
Write a to word essay comparing the similarities and differences between virtue.
Resources: Week One readings Write a -word essay comparing the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. Include the following in your essay: · A description of the differences in how each theory addresses ethics and morality · A personal experience to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to.
I need a – to word essay comparing the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. A description of the differences in how each theory addresses ethics and morality A personal experience to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to one of the.
Each document is a previously submitted assignment and should be used as a guide. (AKA, do NOT submit this as your own assignment.) 9/9 Resources: Week One readings Write a to word essay comparing the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics%(23).
A collection of letters on animal magnetism, including a letter by Mesmer protesting D’Eslon’s claim to represent the interests of animal magnetism (see Lettre sur un fait relatif à l’histoire, entry number 23) and correspondence between Mesmer and D’Eslon on .Write a 350 to 700 word essay comparing the similarities and differences between virtue theory utili